Monday, May 22, 2017

44 beautiful places in the world that will be gone soon!

1. Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (map)

What is the Old City of Jerusalem? The Old City is a 0.9 square kilometers  area within the modern city of Jerusalem. Until 1860 this area constituted the entire city of Jerusalem. The Old City is home to several sites of key religious importance: the Temple Mount and Western Wall for Jews, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for Christians, and the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims. Today, the Old City is roughly divided into the Muslim Quarter, the Christian Quarter, the Jewish Quarter and the Armenian Quarter.
Why was it added? Uncontrolled urban development, general deterioration of the state of conservation due to tourism and lack of maintenance.

2. Garamba National Park (map)

What is Garamba Park? Garamba National Park is one of Africa’s oldest National parks. Garamba is (or at least was) the home to the world’s last known wild population of Northern White Rhinoceros. The park is also well known for its African elephant domestication programme started in the 1960s, which managed to train tourist-rideable animals from the naturally wild beasts.
Why was it added? Reduction of Northern White Rhinoceros population (1984); poaching of two white rhinos, killing of three rangers and no plan for corrective measures by the authorities (1996)

3. Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (map)

What is the Chan Chan Zone? The largest Pre-Columbian city in South America, Chan Chan is an archaeological site in the Peruvian region of La Libertad. Chan Chan covers 20 km² and had a dense urban center of 6 km². Chan Chan was constructed by the Chimor, a late intermediate period civilisation. Chan Chan is the largest in the world and it was built around AD 850.
Why was it added? Natural erosion: the city’s ruins are threatened by storms, earthquakes and looters.

4. Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (map)

What are Air and Ténéré Reserves? The Aïr Mountains is a triangular massif, located in northern Niger, within the Sahara desert. They rise to more than 1,800 m (5,900 ft) and extend over 84,000 km2 supporting a wide variety of life. There are notable archaeological excavations in the region that illustrate the prehistoric past of this region. The Lycaon pictus dog once existed in this region, but may now be extirpated due to human population pressures in this region.
Why was it added? Military conflict and civil disturbance in the region as well as a reduction of wildlife population and degradation of the vegetation.

5. Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (map)

Mont NimbaPicture by Guy Debonnet for UNESCO.. See more pictures of Mount Nimba Reserve here.
What is Mount Nimba Reserve? Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve is a protected area in both Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. The park includes significant portions of Mount Nimba, a geographically unique area with more than 200 endemic species. These species include multiple types of duikers, big cats, civets, Chimpanzees, and several types of viviparous toads.
Why was it added? Iron ore mining concession on part of the World Heritage Site and influx of large number of refugees on the Guinean part of the site.

6. Everglades National Park (map)

Everglades National ParkPicture by David Geldhof for UNESCO.. See more pictures of Everglades National Park here.
What is Everglades Park? Everglades National Park is a U.S. National Park in Florida. In the United States, it is the largest tropical wilderness and is visited on average by one million people each year. It is the third-largest national park in the lower 48 states after Death Valley and Yellowstone. Although most U.S. national parks preserve unique geographic features, Everglades National Park was the first created to protect a fragile ecosystem. The Park is the most significant breeding ground for tropical wading birds in North America, contains the largest mangrove ecosystem in the western hemisphere, is home to 36 threatened or protected species including the Florida panther, the American crocodile, and the West Indian manatee, and supports 350 species of birds, 300 species of fresh and saltwater fish, 40 species of mammals, and 50 species of reptiles.
Why was it added? Damage due to Hurricane Andrew and deterioration of water flow and quality due to agricultural and urban development (1993); continued degradation of the site resulting in a loss of marine habitat and decline in marine species (2010).

7. Virunga National Park (map)

What is Virunga Park? The Virunga National Park, formerly named Albert National Park, is a 7,800-square-kilometre National Park in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The park was established in 1925 as Africa’s first national park.
Why was it added?  In recent years poaching and the Congo Civil War have seriously damaged its wildlife population.

8. Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve (map)

What is Río Plátano Reserve? The Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve is 5,250 km² of preserved land in the La Mosquitia region on the Caribbean coast of Honduras. Most of the land runs along the Río Plátano. The reserve has a number of endangered species and some of Honduras largest sections of forest. The reserve encompasses both mountainous and lowland tropical rainforest, full of diverse wildlife and plant life, and has more than 2000 inhabitants.
Why was it added? Currently there are threats to the conservation of the reserve which include illegal hunting, logging and clearing of land to graze cattle. Recent rafting expeditions from the Rio Platano headwaters through all three zones of the reserve (cultural, buffer and core)have documented cattle grazing in the core zone,commercial fishing and hunting camps along the river and clear cutting of forest near Las Marias.

9. Simien National Park (map)

What is Simien Park? Simien Mountains National Park is one of the national parks of Ethiopia. Its territory covers the Simien Mountains and includes Ras Dashan, the highest point in Ethiopia. Semien Mountains It is home to a number of endangered species including a wild goat found nowhere else in the world. More than 50 species of birds inhabit the park. The park is crossed by an unpaved road.
Why was it added? Deterioration of population of Animals.

10. Kahuzi-Biega National Park (map)

44 beautiful places that will be gone soonPhoto by Gueney for UlutunçokLaif (GTZ).. You can see more pictures of Kahuzi-Biega Park by clicking here.
What is Kahuzi-Biega?  The Kahuzi-Biega National Park is a protected area near Bukavu town in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Established in 1970, the park is named after two dormant volcanoes, Mount Kahuzi and Mount Biega, which are within its limits. With an area of 6,000 square kilometres and set in both mountainous and lowland terrain, it is one of the last refuges of the rare species of Eastern lowland gorilla. The park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, inscribed in 1980 for its unique biodiversity of rainforest habitat and its eastern lowland gorillas.
Why was it added? Deforestation, hunting as well as war and civil strife.

11. Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (map)

Gounda's riverPic by José Tello.. See more photos from Manovo-Gounda here.
What is Manovo-Gounda? Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park is a national park near the Chad border. It was inscribed to the list of World Heritage Sites in 1988 as a result of the diversity of life present within it. Notable species include black rhinoceroses, elephants, cheetahs, leopards, red-fronted gazelles, and buffalo; a wide range of waterfowl species also occurs in the northern floodplains.

12. Okapi Wildlife Reserve (map)

What is Okapi Wildlife Reserve? The Okapi Wildlife Reserve is a World Heritage Site in the Ituri Forest in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, near the borders with Sudan and Uganda. At approximately 14,000 km², it covers approximately one fifth of the area of the forest.
Why is it on the list? Looting of park facilities and killing of elephants as a result of an armed conflict in the area.

13. Salonga National Park (map)

What is Salonga Park? Salonga National Park is a national park in the Democratic Republic of the Congo located in the Congo River basin. It is Africa’s largest tropical rainforest reserve covering about 36,000 km².
Why is it on the list? Breakdown of civil order.

14. Historic Town of Zabīd (map)

What is Zabid? Zabid is a town with an urban population of around 23,000 people on Yemen’s western coastal plain. It is one of the oldest towns in Yemen. It was the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century and a center of the Arab and Muslim world due in large part to its famed University of Zabid and being a center of Islamic education. Today, however, it is at the intellectual and economic margins of modern Yemen.
Why was it added? Because of the deteriorating state of historic buildings, inscribed on request of the state party

15. Abu Mena (map)

What is Abu Mena? Abu Mena was a town, monastery complex and Christian pilgrimage center in Late Antique Egypt. Its remains were designated a World Heritage Site in 1979. There are very few standing remains, but the foundations of most major buildings, such as the great basilica, are easily discernible.
Why was it added? Recent agricultural efforts in the area have led to a significant rise in the water table, which has caused a number of the site’s buildings to collapse or become unstable.

16. Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (map)

What is the Minaret of Jam? The Minaret of Jam is a Site in western Afghanistan. The 62-metre high minaret, surrounded by mountains that reach up to 2400m, was built in the 1190s, entirely of baked bricks. It is famous for its intricate brick.Why is it on the list? Lack of legal protection, lack of protection measure or management plan, poor condition of the site.

17. Ashur (Qal’at Sherqat) (map)

What is Ashur? Aššur is a remnant city of the last Ashurite Kingdom. The remains of the city are situated on the western bank of the river Tigri, in modern-day Iraq. The city was occupied when Tamurlane conducted a massacre of its population. Aššur is also the name of the chief deity of the city. He was considered the highest god in the Assyrian pantheon and the protector of the Assyrian state.
Why was it added? due to the conflict in that area and also a planned reservoir that would have partially flooded the site was suspended in the wake of the Iraq War by the new administration; lack of adequate protection.

18. Comoé National Park (map)

Nationalpark Comoe
What is Comoé Park? Comoé National Park is a national park in north eastern Côte d’Ivoire as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since its inscription in 1983. The park was initially added as a World Heritage Site due to the diversity of plant life present around the Comoé River, including pristine patches of tropical rain forest that are usually only found further south. As a well-eroded plain between two large rivers, the land in the area is home to soils and a moisture regime suitable to a richer biodiversity than surrounding areas.
Why was it added? Due to poaching, over-grazing of the park by cattle, and absence of management.

19. Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (map)

What is the Cultural and Archaeological Valley? The Buddhas of Bamiyan were two 6th century monumental statues of standing buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamwam valley of central Afghanistan. Built in 507 AD the statues represented the classic blended style of Gandhara art. It is believed that the upper parts of their faces were made from great wooden masks or casts. Rows of holes that can be seen in photographs were spaces that held wooden pegs that stabilized the outer stucco. They were dynamited and destroyed in March 2001 by the Taliban, on orders from leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, after the Taliban government declared that they were idols.
Why was it added? Fragile conservation state due to abandonment, military action and dynamite explosions; causing dangers such as risk of collapse of Buddha niches, further deterioration of cave murals, looting and illicit excavations.

20. Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (map)

What are Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani? Kilwa Kisiwani is a community on an island off the coast of East Africa in present-day Tanzania. Historically, it was the center of the Kilwa Sultanate, a Medieval sultanate, whose authority, at its height, stretched over the entire length of the Swahili Coast.
Why where they added? Continuing deterioration of the site due to various agents such as erosion or plants.

21. Coro and its Port (map)

What is Coro? Coro is the capital of Falcón State and the oldest city in the west of Venezuela. It was founded on July 26, 1527 by Juan de Ampíes. It has a wide cultural tradition that comes from being the urban settlement founded by the Spanish conquerors who colonised the interior of the continent. It was the first capital of the Venezuela Province and head of the first bishop founded in South America in 1531. As Neu-Augsburg, it was the first German colony in the Americas. Thanks to the city’s history, culture and its well-preserved colonial and republican architecture, “Coro and its port” was designated in 1993 as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, thus becoming the first site in Venezuela to be vested with this title.
Why was it added? Damage to a great number of structures due to heavy rain between November 2004 and February 2005 as well as the construction of a new monument, a beach walkway and an entrance gate to the city in the buffer zone which could have considerable impact on the value of the site

22. Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (map)

What are the Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works? Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works are two former saltpeter refineries located in northern Chile. They were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005. Beside the Saltpeter Works it has a Worker’s quarters, a Theater as well as a Swimming pool.

23. Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (map)

Medieval Monuments in Kosovo

What are Medieval Monuments in Kosovo? Medieval Monuments in Kosovo is a World Heritage Site consisting of four Serbian Orthodox Christian churches and monasteries which represent the fusion of the eastern Orthodox Byzantine and the western Romanesque ecclesiastical architecture to form the Palaiologian Renaissance style. The sites are located in Kosovo, which Serbia considers to be its southern province, although it unilaterally declared independence in 2008. In 2004, UNESCO recognized the Dečani Monastery for its outstanding universal value. Two years later, the site of patrimony was extended as a serial nomination, to include three other religious monuments.
Why are they on the list?  In 2006 the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger due to difficulties in its management and conservation stemming from the region’s political instability.

24. Niokolo-Koba National Park (map)

Niokolo-Koba National Park

What is Niokolo-Koba National Park? The Niokolo-Koba National Park is a natural protected area in south eastern Senegal near the Guinea-Bissau border.
Why is it on the list? Degradation of property, low mammal population, management problems and impact of a proposed dam on the Gambia River.

25. Samarra Archaeological City (map)

Samarra Archaeological City
Pic by Jean-Jacques Gelbart, click to see more pictures of the Samarra Archaeological City.

What is the Samarra Archaeological City? Sāmarrā is a city in Iraq. It stands 125 kilometers north of Baghdad and, in 2003, had an estimated population of 348,700. In 2007, UNESCO named Samarra one of its World Heritage Sites.
Why was it added to the list? Security situation following the Iraq War and lack of state control for protection or management of the site

26. Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System (map)

Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System

What is Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System? The Belize Barrier Reef is a series of coral reefs straddling the coast of Belize. The Belize Barrier Reef is a 300-kilometer (190 mi) long section of the 900-kilometer (560 mi) Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System making it one of the largest coral reef systems in the world after the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the New Caledonia Barrier Reef. It is Belize’s top tourist destination, popular for scuba diving and snorkeling and attracting almost half of its 260,000 visitors. It is also vital to the country’s fishing industry. Charles Darwin described it as “the most remarkable reef in the West Indies” in 1842.
Why was it added? Mangrove cutting and excessive development.

27. Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (map)

Historical Monuments of Mtskheta
Pic by Amos Chapple for OUR PLACE, click to see more pictures of the Monuments of Mtskheta.

What are the Historical Monuments of Mtskheta? Mtskheta is one of the oldest cities of Georgia and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The city is now the administrative centre of the Mtskheta-Mtianeti region. Due to its historical significance and numerous ancient monuments, the “Historical Monuments of Mtskheta” became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Why are they on the list? For concerns about the preservation of the site.

28. Los Katíos National Park (map)

Los Katíos National Park
Pic by Archivo Parques Nacionales Colombia, click to see more pictures of Los Katíos.

What is Los Katíos National Park? Los Katíos National Natural Park is a protected area located in northwest Colombia which covers about 720 km2 (280 sq mi). The elevation ranges between 50 m (160 ft) and 600 m (2,000 ft). The park was declared a World Heritage Site due to the extraordinary diversity of plant and animal species represented. The park contains over 25% of the bird species reported for Colombia in an area less than 1% of the total Colombian territory. The topography of the Los Katios National Park is diverse, with low hills, forests and wet plains comprising its total area. The Atrato River is the fastest-flowing river in the world, and empties an astonishing 4,900 m³ of water into the Caribbean every second. The wetlands of the Atrato floodplain are unique.
Why was it added? Deforestation, illegal fishing and hunting.

29. Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery (map)

Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery
Pic by Martin Gray for Sacred Sites, click to see more pictures of Bagrati and Gelati.

What are the Bagrati Cathedral and the Gelati Monastery? The Bagrati Cathedral, is the 11th-century cathedral church in the city of Kutaisi, Georgia. The cathedral, rebuilt officially on September 16, 2012 after heavy damage ages ago, served as a masterpiece in the history of modern and medieval Georgian architecture. Gelati is a monastic complex in western Georgia. It contains the Church of the Virgin founded by the King of Georgia David the Builder in 1106, and the 13th-century churches of St George and St Nicholas.
Why are they on the list? Major reconstruction project that will lead to irreversible interventions and undermine the authenticity and integrity of the site.

30. Rainforests of the Atsinanana (map)

Rainforests of the Atsinanana
Photo by Geoffroy Mauvais for IUCN, click to see more pictures of the Rainforests.

What are the Rainforests of the Atsiananana? The Rainforests of the Atsinanana is a World Heritage Site consisting of 13 specific areas located within six national parks in the eastern part of Madagascar. These relict forests are critically important for maintaining ongoing ecological processes necessary for the survival of Madagascar’s unique biodiversity, which reflects the island’s geological history. The rainforests are inscribed for their importance to both ecological and biological processes as well as their biodiversity and the threatened species they support.
Why are they on the list? Many species are rare and threatened by illegal logging and hunting especially lemurs and other primates.

31. Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (map)

Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi

What are the Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi? The Kasubi Tombs in Kampala, Uganda, is the site of the burial grounds for four kings of Buganda.
Why are they on the list? On 16 March 2010, some of the major buildings there were almost completely destroyed by a fire, the cause of which is under investigation.

32. Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (map)

Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra

What is the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra? The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra site comprises three Indonesian national parks on the island of Sumatra. The site is listed under Criteria vii: outstanding scenic beauty and ix: an outstanding example representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes and also x: contains the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation.
Why was it added? Because of Poaching, illegal logging, agricultural encroachment, and plans to build roads through the site.

33. Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem (map)

Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem
Photo by Silvan Rehfeld, click to see more pictures of the Birthplace of Jesus.

What is the Church of the Nativity? The Church of the Nativity is a basilica located in Bethlehem, Palestinian territories. The church was originally commissioned in 327 AD by Constantine and his mother Helena over the site that is still traditionally considered to be located over the cave that marks the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The Church of the Nativity site’s original basilica was completed in 339 AD and destroyed by fire during the Samaritan Revolts in the sixth century AD. A new basilica was built 565 AD by Justinian, the Byzantine Emperor, restoring the architectural tone of the original. Due to its cultural and geographical history, the site holds a prominent religious significance to those of both the Christian and Muslim faiths.

34. Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (map)

Portobelo Ruins and bay
What are the fortifications of Panama? Portobelo is a port city in Colón Province, Panama, established during the Spanish colonial period. It has a deep natural harbor and was used as a center for silver exporting before the mid-eighteenth century. Today Portobelo is a sleepy city with a population of fewer than 3,000. In 1980 the ruins of the Spanish colonial fortifications, along with nearby Fort San Lorenzo, were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Why were they added? For environmental factors, lack of maintenance and urban development.

35. Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (map)

Liverpool - Albert dock at night
What is Maritime Mercantile City? The Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City is a Site in Liverpool, England. It comprises six locations in the city centre of Liverpool including the Pier Head, Albert Dock and William Brown Street, and includes many of the city’s most famous landmarks. UNESCO received the city council’s nomination for the six sites in January 2003 for the fact that it was ‘the supreme example of a commercial port at a time of Britain’s greatest global influence’.
Why was it added? In 2012, the site was inscribed Due to the proposed redevelopment of historic docklands known as Liverpool Waters.

36. Timbuktu (map)

Timbuktu Mosque Sankore
What is Timbuktu? Timbuktu is a city in the West African nation of Mali. The town is the capital of the Timbuktu Region, one of the eight administrative regions of Mali. It had a population of 54,453 in the 2009 census.
Why was it added? Because of the Threat by armed conflict.

37. Tomb of Askia (map)

Tomb of Askia
What is the Tomb of Askia? The Tomb of Askia, in Gao, Mali, is believed to be the burial place of Askia Mohammad I, one of the Songhai Empire’s most prolific emperors. UNESCO describes the tomb as a fine example of the monumental mud-building traditions of the West African Sahel. The complex includes the pyramidal tomb, two mosques, a cemetery and an assembly ground. At 17 metres in height it is the largest pre-colonial architectural monument in the region. It is the first example of an Islamic architectural style that later spread throughout the region.
Why was it added? Also because of the Threat by armed conflict.

38. Ancient City of Aleppo (map)

Ancient City of Aleppo panorama view
What is the ancient city of Aleppo? The Old City of Aleppo is the historic city centre of Aleppo, Syria. Many districts of the ancient city remained essentially unchanged since its construction during the 12th to the 16th century. Being subjected to constant invasions and political instability, the inhabitants of the city were forced to build cell-like quarters and districts that were socially and economically independent. Each district was characterized by the religious and ethnic characteristics of its inhabitants. The Old City of Aleppo -composed of the ancient city within the walls and the old cell-like quarters outside the walls- has an approximate area of 350 hectares (3.5 km²) housing more than 120,000 residents. Characterized with its large mansions, narrow alleys, covered souqs and ancient caravanserais, the Ancient City of Aleppo became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.
Why was it added? In February 2014, the opposition groups of the Islamic Front claimed responsibility for destroying a series of major historic buildings in the old city including the justice palace, the Carlton hotel and the old building of the city council.

39. Ancient City of Bosra (map)

Ancient City of Bosra pano Syria
What is the ancient city of Bosra? Bosra is a town in southern Syria. Bosra’s inhabitants are predominantly Muslims. Bosra has an ancient history and during the Roman era it was a prosperous provincial capital. It continued to be administratively important during the Islamic era, but became gradually less prominent during the Ottoman era. Today, it is a major archaeological site and has been declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Why was it added? Because there was/is war down there.

40. Ancient City of Damascus (map)

Ancient City of Damsacus
What is the ancient city of Damascus? Damascus is the capital and the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant. The Barada River flows through Damascus. During Ottoman rule, the city decayed completely while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries.
Why was it added? Also because of the Military conflict.

41. Ancient Villages of Northern Syria (map)

Ancient Villages of Northern Syria - Church of Saint Simeon
What are the ancient villages of northern Syria? The Dead Cities or Forgotten Cities are a group of 700 abandoned settlements in northwest Syria. Most villages which date from the 1st to 7th centuries, became abandoned between the 8th and 10th centuries. The settlements feature the well-preserved architectural remains of dwellings, pagan temples, churches, cisterns, bathhouses etc. These ancient settlements cover an area 20–40 km (12–25 mi) wide and some 140 km (87 mi) long. The Massif includes three groups of highlands: the first is the northern group of Mount Simeon and Mount Kurd; the second middle group is the group of Harim Mountains; the third southern group is the group of Zawiya Mountain.
Why were they added? Military conflict.

42. Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din (map)

Krak des Chevaliers
What is Crac des Chevaliers and Qual’at Salah El-Din? Krak des Chevaliers is a Crusader castle in Syria and one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world. And the Citadel of Salah Ed-Din is also a castle in Syria. In high mountainous terrain on a ridge between two deep ravines and surrounded by forest, the site has been fortified since at least the mid 10th century. In 2006, the castles of Qal’at Salah El-Din and Krak des Chevaliers was recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The site is owned by the Syrian government.
Why is it on the list? As every site in Syria because of the military conflict.

43. East Rennell (map)

East Rennell - canoe
What is east Rennell? East Rennell is the southern portion of Rennell Island in the Solomon Islands. Rennell is the largest raised coral atoll in the world and the area in East Rennell surrounding Lake Tegano contains many endemic species.
Why is it on the list? Because of the threat of logging activities to the site’s outstanding universal value and its effect on the local ecosystem.

44. Site of Palmyra (map)

Temple of Bel, Palmyra
And lastly what is the site of Palmyra? Palmyra was an ancient Arabic city in central Syria. It had long been a vital caravan stop for travellers crossing the Syrian desert and was known as the Bride of the Desert. Though the ancient site fell into disuse after the 16th century, it is still known as Tadmor in Arabic. There is a newer town of the same name next to the ruins. The Palmyrenes constructed a series of large-scale monuments containing funerary art such as limestone slabs with human busts representing the deceased.