Thursday, June 22, 2017

Bãi biển cát đen Reynisfjara

Nằm gần thị trấn Vik, trên bờ biển phía nam của Iceland, bãi biển Reynisfjara dường như đưa bạn đến một thế giới hoàn toàn khác. Maui, HINhững vùng nước biển tung bọt trắng xóa, các cột đá bazan tuyệt đẹp được bàn tay tự nhiên xếp đặt vuông vức, và bãi cát dài mịn có màu đen, làm cho bãi biển này trở thành một trong những địa điểm kỳ lạ trên thế giới.     

Maori bay, beach, western shore of Auckland, New Zealand
Image: Shutterstock/Tomas Pavelka
One of the upshots of explosive volcanic activity is a beach that is brilliantly black. At least, that’s what happened at Muriwai Beach on the western coast of Auckland in New Zealand. The dark sands are a combination of iron, titanium and a handful of other volcanic elements, which get pretty hot on a sunny day. Visitors should be advised to wear sandals.

15 Best Black Sand Beaches in the World


Maori bay, beach, western shore of Auckland, New Zealand
Image: Shutterstock/Tomas Pavelka
One of the upshots of explosive volcanic activity is a beach that is brilliantly black. At least, that’s what happened at Muriwai Beach on the western coast of Auckland in New Zealand. The dark sands are a combination of iron, titanium and a handful of other volcanic elements, which get pretty hot on a sunny day. Visitors should be advised to wear sandals.
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»Punaluu Beach, Hawaii

Punaluu Beach, Hawaii

In Hawaii the beaches can have white, green or black sand, thanks to the constant and recent volcanic activity on the islands. If you would like to discover how it feels to walk on black sand, head to Punaluu Beach on the southeastern Kau coast of Hawaii Island. Snuggled between Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and the town of Naalehu, this beach is fringed by stately coconut palms and the hot sand attracts giant Hawaiian green sea turtles.
Both the turtles and the black sand are protected, so do not disturb the turtles and do not take any sand. Swimming on the beach is not perfect but possible while the wide space and the shade of palm trees make it ideal for picnics. While there are other black sand beaches in Hawaii, Punaluu Beach is considered one of the most beautiful.
Ninole Loop Rd, Naalehu, Big Island, HI 96772 Photo: estivillml/Fotolia
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»Anse Chastanet, St. Lucia

Anse Chastanet, St. Lucia

If you want to swim in the warm, calm waters of St. Lucia, go to the beach on its protected, Caribbean side. If you want to work on your tan and watch the powerful Atlantic waves wash the shore, find a beach on the eastern side of the island. All the beaches are magnificent, and most of them have black sand, a consequence of island’s volcanic origin.
One of the most beautiful black sand beaches is in front of the Anse Chastenet Resort, which is lined with stately palm trees and overshadowed by towering mountain slopes. The beach is beautifully maintained by the resort but anyone can access it. There is some great snorkeling just off the beach as the waters are part of a marine reserve. Photo: XtravaganT/Fotolia

»Black Sands Beach, California

Black Sands Beach, California

Part of the King Range National Conservation Area, Black Sands Beach is a 3.4-mile long, fairly wide black sand and dark pebble beach at the end of the 20-mile long coastline between Shelter Cove and Mattole River Campground. Its hard-packed sand is wonderful for long walks and beach combing. From the beach you can take the Lost Coast Trail north to many wilderness camps and remote hiking spots.
When backpacking across the beach, plan carefully as parts of the beach get inundated by the high tide. There is an offshore reef that protects the beach. Swimming is possible as long as you take care. At low tide, you can walk all the way to Little Black Sand Beach.
Beach Rd and Humboldt Loop, Whitethorn, CA 95589 Photo: crin/Fotolia
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»Cahuita Beach, Costa Rica

Cahuita Beach, Costa Rica

Cahuita is a small yet lively village on Costa Rica’s Caribbean coast, about 27 miles from Puerto Limón. As the highway from San Jose to Limon has recently been completed, the area is only just being discovered by tourists, so you can often find beautiful Negra Beach, or Playa Negra, fairly empty.
The fine black sand is of volcanic origin and looks curious but is no problem to walk on. The beach offers great swimming, snorkeling and diving opportunities, especially on the coral reef which stretches between Black Beach and White Beach and is part of Cahuita National Park. The abundance of marine life is astonishing.
Cahuita National Park, Limon, Costa Rica Photo: sarah besson/Fotolia
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»Kamari Beach, Greece

Kamari Beach, Greece

Located on the southeast end of the beautiful Greek island of Santorini, Kamari is an upscale beach resort overshadowed by the steep slopes of Mesa Vouno, with a magnificent black sand beach and the ancient city of Thira that dates back to the 9th century. The beach is well-organized and lined with lounge chairs and umbrellas and it can get fairly crowded.
A pleasant promenade runs alongside the beach with outdoor bars, cafes and restaurants on its other side. There are many places that rent out water sports equipment. The beach is protected by a crescent-shaped bay and the water is calm and almost cobalt blue. It is great for swimming, snorkeling and diving.
Kamari, Santorini, Greece Photo: nfoto/Fotolia
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»Black Sand Beach, Maui

Black Sand Beach, Maui

Wai‘anapanapa State Park is a 120-acre tropical paradise on the Hawaiian island of Maui with a unique and spectacular black sand beach, sea stacks, stone arches, lava caves and blowholes. The fine black sand was created by thousands of years of powerful surf pounding the volcanic basalt rocks that surround the beach.
The beach is located just outside the town of Hana and is popular for sunbathing, swimming, and long walks across the wide expanse of dark sand. The rough rock formations around the beach provide shelter for many birds and sea turtles. There are a number of local legends linked to the Wai‘anapanapa, meaning ‘glistening waters’, which Hawaiians consider sacred.
Wai‘anapanapa, Hana, Maui, Hawaii Photo: jhlemmer/Fotolia
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»Langkawi Island, Malaysia

Langkawi Island, Malaysia

Located on Malaysia’s west coast is Langkawi, a breathtakingly beautiful archipelago of 99 islands surrounded by blue sea and covered with lush tropical jungle mixed with rice paddies. The main island is famous for its fantastic diving sites at the Underwater World Langkawi at Pantai Cenang, the cool cable car in Pantai Kok and the beautiful Black Sand Beach nearby.
Only about a 20-minute drive from the cable car, the beach is a lovely, serene retreat from the better-known and often crowded island beaches. The beach is particularly popular among locals, who like to gather on the beach at the weekend. The black sand is mixed with white sand and legend has it that it is black because a mermaid cursed it when a fisherman stole her ring. Photo: Mehmet KILIC/Fotolia
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»Lovina Beach, Bali

Lovina Beach, Bali

If you are tired of crowds on the beaches of southern Bali, head north to the beautiful Lovina Beach, just west of Singaraja. This tranquil 12 km-long stretch of fascinating volcanic black sand is much loved by locals and is swiftly being discovered by tourists, especially Australians during the Christmas holidays.
The beach is wide and flat, great for taking a sunset stroll, and is lined with ancient trees, shops, restaurants and dive shops. The largest village on the beach is Kalibukbuk and there are also a few luxury resorts as well. You can visit the healthy offshore reef straight from the beach at Kalibukbuk by snorkeling or diving, or you can simply lie on the beach and enjoy a soothing massage while drinking a fruity cocktail. Photo: photofab83/Fotolia
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»Perissa Beach, Greece

Perissa Beach, Greece

About 15 km from the village of Fira on the southeastern end of Santorini is the 7 km-long beach Perissa, one of the most beautiful on this side of Santorini. Like most Santorini beaches, it is covered by black volcanic sand created by millennia of wave action against the dark volcanic rocks that shadow the beach.
The sand gets very hot during the day, but it keeps the waters of the Aegean Sea crystal clear – great for swimming and snorkeling. The beach is dominated by the looming, almost vertical slopes of Mesa Vouno. The mountain is great for exploring since it is home to the ruins of the ancient town of Thira. There is a narrow path you can hike or ride along on a donkey. Perissa is also known as a party beach that is popular with backpackers.Photo: forcdan/Fotolia
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»Piha Beach, New Zealand

Piha Beach, New Zealand

Located on the west coast of New Zealand’s North Island about 40 km from Auckland, Piha is New Zealand’s most popular and best-known beach. The beach is famous for its fascinating black iron sand and fantastic surfing – New Zealand’s first surf boat race was at Piha in the 1930s. The sea is often moody and mysterious and the dark beach looks wild and wind-swept.
Piha is known for dangerous rips and currents and swimming is recommended only in areas regularly patrolled by surf clubs. If surfing is not your thing, then Piha is wonderful for hiking and exploring nature – it is backed by the scenic Waitakere Ranges, covered with lush sub-tropical forest and within a protected park. There are many trails leading up the mountainside from the beach.
Piha, Auckland Region, New Zealand Photo: Fyle/Fotolia
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»Playa Jardín, Canary Islands

Playa Jardín, Canary Islands

Located on the north coast of Tenerife, one of the beautiful Canary Islands, is the quaint touristy town of Puerto de la Cruz, which is famous for its large, wide black sand beach. The beach is unique in many ways. It was designed by the famous local artist César Manrique. To enter the beach, a promenade leads you through the lush gardens full of native Mediterranean plants and trees, surrounded by waterfalls and stone walls.
On the beach, you can find lounge chairs and umbrellas and spectacular views of the surf and the slopes of Mount Teide. A lateral breakwater protects the beach from the rough waves, but there are several open areas for surfers. The garden behind the beach has kids’ playgrounds, cafes, terraces and a concert stage.
Puerto de la Cruz, Canary Islands, Spain Photo: ginette laffargue/Fotolia
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»Point Venus, Tahiti

Point Venus, Tahiti

Point Venus is low, sandy peninsula at Tahiti's northernmost end and is densely covered with beautiful casuarina trees. Little over a mile from the main road is a beautiful black sand beach surrounded by a charming park full of local plants.
There is also a 1868 tall white lighthouse, a snack bar, bathrooms, and a souvenir and handicrafts shop. The beach is very popular with picnickers and has a long history. It received its name from Captain James Cook, who in 1769 observed the transit of Venus across the sun from the spot between the beach and the river which transects the peninsula in half. Photo: seaphotoart/Fotolia

»Santo Domingo Beach, Philippines

Santo Domingo Beach, Philippines

Traveling through the Philippines means enjoying many lovely beaches with fine golden or white sand. However, in the town of Santo Domingo in the province of Albay on the island of Luzon is a rare beach with jet black sand, unique for the Philippines. The stunning contrast between the truly black beach, the azure water, and the white clouds in the clear blue sky is breathtaking.
The beach is wide, fringed with tall palm trees, and overshadowed by Mount Mayon, the photographer’s dream. The best time to experience this magical spot is on a clear full moon night, when you can watch the moon rise over the water against the twinkling lights of towns of Bacacay, Legazpi and Tiwi across the Albay Bay.
Albay, Santo Domingo, Luzon 4500, Philippines Photo: Bianka Bo¨s/Fotolia
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»Vik Beach, Iceland

Vik Beach, Iceland

If you travel to Iceland’s southernmost tip, you will find a village of Vik, a small community of only a few hundred people. The village beach faces the open Atlantic Ocean, is often pounded by powerful waves and is surrounded by dramatic Reynisdrangar rocks. The beach is famous as one of the most beautiful non-tropical black sand beaches in the world. The fine black sand is of volcanic origin – no surprise on Iceland, an island that is full of active volcanoes.
The village is overshadowed by the mountains of Hjörleifshöfði, Pétursey, and Hafursey, and the Myrdalsjokull glacier is just above the village. The glacier sits on the volcano Katla, the source of the black sand, which last erupted in 1918. The next big eruption is brewing, according to scientists, and when it comes it will melt the glacier and wash away the village, leaving behind only the village church at the top of the hill.
Vikurbraut, Vik 870, Iceland Photo: stmcqueen/Fotolia
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»Black Sand Beach, Alaska

Black Sand Beach, Alaska

One of the most popular and most spectacular beaches in Alaska is Black Sand Beach in Prince William Sound. About ¼ of a mile long and quite wide, it is a favorite place for kayakers during the summer when they come to camp and explore the surrounding majestic tidewater glaciers. As you stroll along the coarse black sand, you can enjoy a magnificent view of Barry Arm, with water cascading off the glaciers overhanging the beach and majestic mountains in the background.
It is not uncommon to see glaciers beached on the black sand. At low tide, more of the coastline becomes exposed and it is possible to explore from the beach to the surrounding cliffs. A short paddle away from the beach you can find huge rocks exposed by the glacier, which has retreated by more than ¼ of a mile.
Barry Arm, Prince William Sound, Alaska Photo: Wild Geese/Fotolia

Khám phá bãi cát đen Tân Thành, Gò Công (Tiền Giang)

So với những “tên tuổi” như Mũi Né hay Vũng Tàu, bãi biển Tân Thành (Gò Công Đông, Tiền Giang) không phải là nơi tắm biển lý tưởng bởi bãi cát đen pha bùn đặc trưng. Nhưng ở đấy, có nhiều “trò” hay dành cho những chuyến đi khám phá ngắn ngày.

Thời gian đi từ TP.Hồ Chí Minh đến biển Tân Thành chừng trên dưới hai giờ đồng hồ theo quốc lộ 50, đi qua thị trấn Cần Giuộc rồi Cần Đước (Long An) tới bờ Bắc sông Soài Rạp. Qua phà Mỹ Lợi tới đất Gò Công, đi thêm 25 km thì đến biển Tân Thành.

Bãi cát đen, nước biển đục ngầu. Khi trời chiều, nước triều xuống, bãi cát đen rộng mênh mông. Đấy là giờ dân biển đi cào nghêu. Khách tới chơi cũng đi theo, túm tụm trên bãi vừa xem vừa cùng cào nghêu. Cào cả buổi chiều được 1-2 kg, cân rồi luộc ăn tại chỗ. Nghêu Tân Thành to con, ngọt thịt, là món “chủ lực” ở đây. Ngoài ra còn có con sam làm nên tên tuổi của xứ Tân Thành. Người dân ở đây nói với khách rằng chưa ăn sam thì kể như chưa đến đây. Khách du lịch có thể cùng tham gia đi săn sam. Mùa của sam là từ tháng 10 cho tới tháng 2 âm lịch. Sam lên bờ, vùi thân dưới cát đẻ trứng. Buổi tối, đội đèn đi dọc bờ biển là bắt được sam. Còn khi trái mùa, sam ở ngoài biển xa, muốn săn phải lặn dưới đáy biển sâu. Trứng sam rất ngon, máu sam có màu trắng, dân địa phương thường lấy máu sam pha với rượu uống, cũng trở thành một đặc sản của xứ này. Nhằm khi nước lớn, bạn có thể theo thuyền thúng, bơi ra các chòi canh nghêu nằm rải rác trên biển. Leo lên chòi nằm ngắm ra khơi xa cũng rất thú. Nhìn lên phía Bắc, thấy núi Vũng Tàu mờ mờ ẩn hiện.

Có những bungalow dọc bờ biển để cho khách nghỉ lại. Bungalow đơn giản, chỉ có cái giường nằm. Điện chập chờn, khi có khi cúp, phải xài đèn dầu. Vậy mà hay. Phía sau là rừng đước rậm rịt. Gió biển thốc ù ù suốt đêm. Một đêm ngủ cũng vài phen “đứng tim” với những người nhát cáy. Nhưng sáng ra, bãi biển tuyệt đối yên tĩnh, đi ra cầu tàu ngắm mặt trời mọc. Cây cầu tàu 300m, vươn dài ra biển dành cho khách đi dạo, lúc nào cũng đẹp, khi bình minh, hoàng hôn hay đêm xuống. Trước khi rời khỏi Gò Công, trên đường về, đi thêm mươi km nữa, bạn có thể ghé qua chợ Vàm Láng, nơi đầu mối hải sản với hầu hết sản phẩm biển Gò Công, rất phong phú mà giá lại rẻ.
(Nguồn: Báo Thanh Niên)

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