Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Ngàn đảo ở Ottawa

(iHay) Nếu đã một lần đặt chân đến Ottawa, Canada, bạn không nên bỏ qua hành trình đến Kingston và sau đó lạc vào thế giới của hơn 1.800 hòn đảo thú vị.

Ngàn đảo có chính xác 1.865 hòn đảo với nhiều diện tích lớn nhỏ, có khi chỉ vừa một người đứng hoặc dài đến 43 km như đảo Wolfe hay 15 km như đảo Howe. Hai đảo này đã có cư dân sinh sống lâu đời, có phà ra vào từ bến sông mỗi ngày.
Bên cạnh đó, những đảo nhỏ hơn thường là nơi tọa lạc của lâu đài hay nhà nghỉ do giới quý tộc ngày xưa xây dựng. Ở vị trí này dòng sông St Lawrence chảy chậm rãi, xung quanh cây cối tươi xanh và đặc biệt vào mùa hè rất mát mẻ, thích hợp cho việc nghỉ ngơi. 
 Ngàn đảo ở Ottawa
 
Gananoque, 1000 Islands Parkway, Rockport hay Brockvill là những bến thuyền dọc theo bờ sông Saint Lawrence, nơi bạn có thể lên những con tàu lớn nhỏ đi tham quan ngàn đảo. Tour đi thuyền thường kéo dài từ 1 - 3 tiếng, giá từ 20 USD. Mùa đi thuyền lý tưởng là từ giữa tháng 4 đến hết tháng 10 hằng năm.
Lâu đài gây chú ý nhất có lẽ là Boldt cùng câu chuyện khá bi thương. Boldt vốn chỉ là một người rửa chén đĩa khi bắt đầu sự nghiệp nhưng bằng tài năng ông đã dần đi lên, trở thành chủ của một khách sạn sang trọng kiếm hàng triệu đô la mỗi năm. Boldt cũng đã tìm được người phụ nữ của đời mình và quyết định xây một tòa lâu đài lộng lẫy làm món quà nhân ngày lễ tình nhân vào những năm 1900. Lâu đài có đến 120 phòng tọa lạc trên hòn đảo có hình trái tim thuộc sở hữu của Boldt. Ông dự định dùng dinh thự làm nơi nghỉ ngơi trong những năm tháng còn lại của cuộc đời cùng người vợ yêu. Nhưng số phận thật trớ trêu, khi thiên đường sắp hoàn thành cũng là lúc vợ của Boldt đột ngột qua đời. Ông cho dừng ngay việc xây dựng và không bao giờ trở lại hòn đảo. Bị bỏ hoang trong 70 năm, các nhóm du khách nghịch ngợm thường chọn đảo để mở tiệc. Trên sân thượng lâu đài, bạn có thể nhìn thấy hàng trăm chữ ký và hình vẽ của những người từng đến đây.
Ngàn đảo đẹp tuyệt vời khi hoàng hôn xuống rọi thứ ánh sáng vàng vọt lên bức tường lâu đài và nhà nghỉ giữa các mảng màu lục tạo nên bức tranh say đắm lòng người. Được xây dựng bởi chủ tịch của Công ty Singer Sewing Machine, lâu đài Singer là nơi rất đáng để bạn trải nghiệm một đêm giữa bầu trời ngàn đảo. Là nơi mang kiến trúc kiểu cung điện hoàng gia cũng như dịch vụ cao cấp, một nhóm 6 người rất lý tưởng để ngủ trong những căn phòng lâu đài với giá khá hợp lý (khoảng 900 USD/6 người). 4 tầng lầu, sân thượng và khoảng không bao la sẽ mang đến cho những ai yêu thiên nhiên cảm giác thanh bình hiếm có.Bài & ảnh: Namnghivyc

1 Parliament Hill

Parliament Hill
Parliament Hill
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The Parliament Buildings, in all their splendor of Victorian Gothic sandstone, are quite an imposing sight on a 50-meter-high hill looking out over the Ottawa River. The Parliamentary Library, at the back of the building opposite the entrance, is a wonderfully furnished octagon that was untouched in the 1916 fire. Free, guided tours explore the sprawling historic Centre Block, and the public can also attend question period when the government is in session or climb the Peace Tower. The grounds encompass many sculptures, and in front of the Parliament buildings extends an attractive grassed area patrolled in summer by members of the Canadian Mounted Police, looking very dashing in their Mountie uniforms of scarlet jackets, Stetsons, riding breeches, and knee boots.

2 Rideau Canal

Rideau Canal
Rideau Canal
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The 200-kilometer-long (but only 1.6-meter-deep) Rideau Canal, connects Ottawa with Kingston on Lake Ontario. It was originally intended as a strategic route between Montréal and Lake Ontario; the military need for which was demonstrated during the war with the United States in 1812. In summer, the canal and locks are an active waterway, and in winter, the frozen canal becomes a recreational area for skating and festivals. Château Laurier is one of the grand buildings on the canal banks. Though it has the air of a medieval castle, it was actually built in 1912 and is a prime example of how big Canadian railroad companies added grand hotels (and striking landmarks) across Canada.

3 Canadian Tulip Festival

Canadian Tulip Festival
Canadian Tulip Festival
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Ottawa's spring festival marks the end of winter as the tulips - given by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands in gratitude for the city's hospitality during the Second World War - come into bloom all over the city. Canal banks and Commissioner's Park in particular, are the scene of general festivities. Millions of tulips bloom in the national region with tulip attraction sites spread out on a scenic "Tulip Route." Fireworks and performances are also regular attractions.
Official site: http://tulipfestival.ca/

4 National Gallery of Canada

National Gallery of Canada
National Gallery of Canada
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Ultra-modern and designed by Moshe Safdie, the National Gallery of Canada is an architectural masterpiece with prism-like glass towers that echo the lines of the nearby Parliament Buildings. The glass contrasts with the mock medieval Château Laurier, yet the attraction still fits well into Ottawa's cityscape. Inside, galleries display aboriginal art, trace the development of Canadian art from religious works to the Group of Seven, explore European Impressionism, and show temporary exhibitions. The rooms of Inuit art are on the lower level under the glass-encased Great Hall. For more sightseeing, the National Gallery is well placed near many other Lower Town tourist attractions, including Notre-Dame, the Canadian War Museum, and Major's Hill Park.
Address: 380 Sussex Drive, Ottawa
Official site: http://www.gallery.ca

5 Canadian War Museum

Miniature war exhibit at the Canadian War Museum
Miniature war exhibit at the Canadian War Museum
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Located beside the Ottawa River, this modern museum explores Canada's military past through exhibitions and artifacts on display. It covers wars fought on Canadian soil and others that Canadian forces took part in, including fighting between French and Iroquois people in the 16th century and the Canadian contribution to the First and Second World Wars.
Address: 1 Vimy Place, Ottawa
Official site: http://www.warmuseum.ca

6 Fête du Canada (Canada Day)

Canada Day fireworks
Canada Day fireworks
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Canada Day, or Fête du Canada in French, is a lively event that takes place on July 1. Crowds gather in their patriotic red-and-white clothing, waving maple-leaf flags. Fireworks, a parade, water-borne procession, and entertainment to suit every taste are among the many events for the Canadian national holiday.

7 Lower Town

Fresh produce at the Byward Market
Fresh produce at the Byward Market Jamie McCaffrey
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Ottawa's busy Lower Town, the city's marketplace, lies to the north of the Rideau Canal. The area's Byward Market has enjoyed a colorful existence since 1846. In summer, fruit, flower, and vegetable stalls in the streets supplement the food stores in the main market hall. In fact, the entire market area has been lovingly restored with many restaurants and smart boutiques.
Within the neighborhood, the National Gallery of Canada is an outstanding piece of architecture and contains a fine collection of works by Canadian and international artists. On Sussex Drive in Ottawa, opposite the national gallery, Notre Dame is a beautiful Catholic church. Consecrated in 1846, it contains mahogany carvings by Ph. Parizeau, figures of the four evangelists, prophets and apostles by Louis-Philippe Hébert, and some particularly fine stained glass. Major's Hill Park, southwest of the basilica, is aflame with thousands of tulips in May and June.

8 Upper Town

Sparks Street in Upper Town
Sparks Street in Upper Town
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The fashionable Upper Town of Ottawa extends below Parliament Hill and southwest of the Rideau Canal. The streets are laid out in a checkerboard pattern. Busy thoroughfares are Wellington Street, Kent Street, O'Connor Street, Metcalfe Street, and Sparks Street pedestrian precinct - a string of top department stores and smart boutiques interspersed with gourmet eateries. But probably the most striking architecture of Upper Town is the Bank of Canada building, by the famous architect Arthur Erickson. The atrium behind the twelve-story tinted glass façade has the feeling not so much of a bank as of a great greenhouse, with works of art, plants the height of trees, and splashing fountains. The Currency Museum is inside the original Bank of Canada building, and has a cross-section of coinage ranging from ancient ChinaGreeceRome, and Byzantium, through medieval Europe and the Renaissance, to the detailed evolution of currency in North America as it is today.

9 Dows Lake Pavilion

Rental canoes at Dows Lake Pavilion
Rental canoes at Dows Lake Pavilion
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Dows Lake Pavilion has a beautiful location, jutting out into and overlooking the lake. This facility has a number of different restaurants, including an outdoor patio that is very popular in summer. The pavilion also looks out over the docks where it's possible to rent paddleboats, canoes, kayaks, or bikes. In winter, visitors can also rent skates and sleds.
Address: 1001 Queen Elizabeth Dr, Ottawa
Official site: http://www.dowslake.com

10 Canada Aviation and Space Museum

Canada Aviation and Space Museum
Canada Aviation and Space Museum Dan McKay
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Telling in detail the story of Canadian civil and military aviation, the Canada Aviation and Space Museum is at Rockcliffe Airport, on the northern edge of town. Among the aircraft on display are a replica of the Silver Dart, which in 1909 made the first flight in Canada, fighter planes from the First and Second World Wars, and some of the seaplanes and other aircraft that helped open up Canada's uncharted northern wilderness.
Address: 11 Aviation Parkway, Ottawa

11 Diefenbunker, Canada's Cold War Museum

Blast tunnel
Blast tunnel Iouri Goussev
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Canada's Cold War Museum is a unique attraction located outside of Ottawa. This is a large underground facility designed to protect important functions of the Canadian government in the event of a nuclear war. It was built during the cold war, and today is a museum open to the public.
Address: 3911 Carp Rd, Carp
Official site: http://diefenbunker.ca/

12 Canadian Museum of Nature

Canadian Museum of Nature
Canadian Museum of Nature Robert Linsdell
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Canadian Museum of Nature takes visitors through the world of the dinosaurs all the way up to today's animal population, and also features poignant temporary exhibits. It is the national natural sciences and history museum, and the historic building (once the Victoria Memorial Museum) is the birthplace of Canada's national museums. Construction on this castle-like building was completed in 1910.
Address: 240 McLeod St., Ottawa
Official site: http://nature.ca/

13 RCMP Musical Ride Centre

RCMP Musical Ride Centre
RCMP Musical Ride Centre Jamie McCaffrey
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The RCMP Stables in Ottawa are the home base for both horses and officers. The Stables train horses for the RCMP Musical Ride, which is an equestrian show that travels across the country annually. There are guided tours of the facility.
Address: RCMP Rockcliffe Stables, 1 Sandridge Rd., Ottawa

14 National Archives of Canada

National Archives of Canada
National Archives of Canada
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The National Archives of Canada feature exhibits pertaining to the history of Canada. Among the items housed here is the largest collection of Canadian sheet music in the world as well as works of art including oil paintings, water colors, and sketches.
Address: 395 Wellington St., Ottawa

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